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SOLAR RADIATION AND CLIMATE OF THE EARTH


SEA ICE EXTENT (Table 2)

The calculated values of the sea ice extent in the Northern Hemisphere (million km2). The linear relation of the accumulated incoming solar radiation and sea ice extent (satellite data from 1979 to 2013)

Year

Sea Ice Extent

Maximum

Minimum

1850

21.37

19.39

1851

21.33

19.31

1852

21.29

19.22

1853

21.25

19.13

1854

21.21

19.04

1855

21.17

18.95

1856

21.13

18.86

1857

21.09

18.77

1858

21.05

18.68

1859

21.01

18.59

1860

20.97

18.50

1861

20.93

18.42

1862

20.89

18.33

1863

20.85

18.24

1864

20.81

18.15

1865

20.77

18.06

1866

20.73

17.97

1867

20.69

17.88

1868

20.65

17.79

1869

20.61

17.70

1870

20.57

17.61

1871

20.53

17.53

1872

20.49

17.44

1873

20.45

17.35

1874

20.41

17.26

1875

20.37

17.17

1876

20.33

17.08

1877

20.29

16.99

1878

20.25

16.90

1879

20.21

16.81

1880

20.17

16.72

1881

20.13

16.64

1882

20.09

16.55

1883

20.04

16.46

1884

20.00

16.37

1885

19.96

16.28

1886

19.92

16.19

1887

19.88

16.10

1888

19.84

16.01

1889

19.80

15.92

1890

19.76

15.84

1891

19.72

15.75

1892

19.68

15.66

1893

19.64

15.57

1894

19.60

15.48

1895

19.56

15.39

1896

19.52

15.30

1897

19.48

15.21

1898

19.44

15.12

1899

19.40

15.03

1900

19.36

14.95

1901

19.32

14.86

1902

19.28

14.77

1903

19.24

14.68

1904

19.20

14.59

1905

19.16

14.50

1906

19.12

14.41

1907

19.08

14.32

1908

19.04

14.23

1909

19.00

14.14

1910

18.96

14.06

1911

18.92

13.97

1912

18.88

13.88

1913

18.84

13.79

1914

18.80

13.70

1915

18.76

13.61

1916

18.72

13.52

1917

18.68

13.43

1918

18.64

13.34

1919

18.60

13.26

1920

18.56

13.17

1921

18.52

13.08

1922

18.48

12.99

1923

18.44

12.90

1924

18.40

12.81

1925

18.36

12.72

1926

18.32

12.63

1927

18.28

12.54

1928

18.24

12.45

1929

18.20

12.37

1930

18.16

12.28

1931

18.12

12.19

1932

18.08

12.10

1933

18.04

12.01

1934

18.00

11.92

1935

17.96

11.83

1936

17.92

11.74

1937

17.88

11.65

1938

17.84

11.56

1939

17.79

11.48

1940

17.75

11.39

1941

17.71

11.30

1942

17.67

11.21

1943

17.63

11.12

1944

17.59

11.03

1945

17.55

10.94

1946

17.51

10.85

1947

17.47

10.76

1948

17.43

10.68

1949

17.39

10.59

1950

17.35

10.50

1951

17.31

10.41

1952

17.27

10.32

1953

17.23

10.23

1954

17.19

10.14

1955

17.15

10.05

1956

17.11

9.96

1957

17.07

9.87

1958

17.03

9.79

1959

16.99

9.70

1960

16.95

9.61

1961

16.91

9.52

1962

16.87

9.43

1963

16.83

9.34

1964

16.79

9.25

1965

16.75

9.16

1966

16.71

9.07

1967

16.67

8.98

1968

16.63

8.90

1969

16.59

8.81

1970

16.55

8.72

1971

16.51

8.63

1972

16.47

8.54

1973

16.43

8.45

1974

16.39

8.36

1975

16.35

8.27

1976

16.31

8.18

1977

16.27

8.10

1978

16.23

8.01

1979

16.19

7.92

1980

16.15

7.83

1981

16.11

7.74

1982

16.07

7.65

1983

16.03

7.56

1984

15.99

7.47

1985

15.95

7.38

1986

15.91

7.29

1987

15.87

7.21

1988

15.83

7.12

1989

15.79

7.03

1990

15.75

6.94

1991

15.71

6.85

1992

15.67

6.76

1993

15.63

6.67

1994

15.58

6.58

1995

15.54

6.49

1996

15.50

6.40

1997

15.46

6.32

1998

15.42

6.23

1999

15.38

6.14

2000

15.34

6.05

2001

15.30

5.96

2002

15.26

5.87

2003

15.22

5.78

2004

15.18

5.69

2005

15.14

5.60

2006

15.10

5.52

2007

15.06

5.43

2008

15.02

5.34

2009

14.98

5.25

2010

14.94

5.16

2011

14.90

5.07

2012

14.86

4.98

2013

14.82

4.89

2014

14.78

4.80

2015

14.74

4.71

2016

14.70

4.63

2017

14.66

4.54

2018

14.62

4.45

2019

14.58

4.36

2020

14.54

4.27

2021

14.50

4.18

2022

14.46

4.09

2023

14.42

4.00

2024

14.38

3.91

2025

14.34

3.82

2026

14.30

3.74

2027

14.26

3.65

2028

14.22

3.56

2029

14.18

3.47

2030

14.14

3.38

2031

14.10

3.29

2032

14.06

3.20

2033

14.02

3.11

2034

13.98

3.02

2035

13.94

2.94

2036

13.90

2.85

2037

13.86

2.76

2038

13.82

2.67

2039

13.78

2.58

2040

13.74

2.49

2041

13.70

2.40

2042

13.66

2.31

2043

13.62

2.22

2044

13.58

2.13

2045

13.54

2.05

2046

13.50

1.96

2047

13.46

1.87

2048

13.42

1.78

2049

13.38

1.69

2050

13.33

1.60

 

 

SOLAR RADIATION AND CLIMATE
OF THE EARTH

 
© www.solar-climate.com

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