www.solar-climate.com
 
 

SOLAR RADIATION AND CLIMATE OF THE EARTH


AVERAGE ANNUAL SST

Average annual sea surface temperature anomalies (°C) calculated on the relationship with the accumulated solar radiation relative
to the average for 1961 to 1990

Year

Linear relationship

Polynomial relationship

Global Oceans

Northern Hemisphere

Southern Hemisphere

Global Oceans

Northern Hemisphere

Southern Hemisphere

1850

-0.443

-0.348

-0.516

-0.265

-0.160

-0.330

1851

-0.439

-0.345

-0.512

-0.268

-0.164

-0.332

1852

-0.435

-0.342

-0.508

-0.270

-0.167

-0.335

1853

-0.431

-0.338

-0.503

-0.273

-0.170

-0.337

1854

-0.427

-0.335

-0.499

-0.275

-0.174

-0.340

1855

-0.423

-0.331

-0.495

-0.277

-0.177

-0.342

1856

-0.419

-0.328

-0.491

-0.280

-0.180

-0.344

1857

-0.415

-0.324

-0.486

-0.282

-0.183

-0.346

1858

-0.411

-0.321

-0.482

-0.284

-0.186

-0.348

1859

-0.407

-0.318

-0.478

-0.286

-0.188

-0.350

1860

-0.403

-0.314

-0.473

-0.287

-0.191

-0.352

1861

-0.399

-0.311

-0.469

-0.289

-0.194

-0.353

1862

-0.395

-0.307

-0.465

-0.291

-0.196

-0.355

1863

-0.391

-0.304

-0.461

-0.292

-0.199

-0.357

1864

-0.387

-0.300

-0.456

-0.294

-0.201

-0.358

1865

-0.383

-0.297

-0.452

-0.295

-0.204

-0.359

1866

-0.379

-0.294

-0.448

-0.297

-0.206

-0.361

1867

-0.375

-0.290

-0.443

-0.298

-0.208

-0.362

1868

-0.371

-0.287

-0.439

-0.299

-0.210

-0.363

1869

-0.367

-0.283

-0.435

-0.300

-0.212

-0.364

1870

-0.363

-0.280

-0.430

-0.301

-0.214

-0.365

1871

-0.359

-0.276

-0.426

-0.302

-0.216

-0.366

1872

-0.355

-0.273

-0.422

-0.303

-0.217

-0.367

1873

-0.351

-0.270

-0.418

-0.304

-0.219

-0.368

1874

-0.347

-0.266

-0.413

-0.305

-0.221

-0.368

1875

-0.344

-0.263

-0.409

-0.305

-0.222

-0.369

1876

-0.340

-0.259

-0.405

-0.306

-0.223

-0.369

1877

-0.336

-0.256

-0.400

-0.306

-0.225

-0.369

1878

-0.332

-0.252

-0.396

-0.307

-0.226

-0.370

1879

-0.328

-0.249

-0.392

-0.307

-0.227

-0.370

1880

-0.324

-0.246

-0.387

-0.307

-0.228

-0.370

1881

-0.320

-0.242

-0.383

-0.307

-0.229

-0.370

1882

-0.316

-0.239

-0.379

-0.307

-0.230

-0.370

1883

-0.312

-0.235

-0.375

-0.307

-0.230

-0.370

1884

-0.308

-0.232

-0.370

-0.307

-0.231

-0.370

1885

-0.304

-0.228

-0.366

-0.307

-0.232

-0.369

1886

-0.300

-0.225

-0.362

-0.307

-0.232

-0.369

1887

-0.296

-0.221

-0.357

-0.306

-0.233

-0.368

1888

-0.292

-0.218

-0.353

-0.306

-0.233

-0.368

1889

-0.288

-0.215

-0.349

-0.305

-0.233

-0.367

1890

-0.284

-0.211

-0.345

-0.305

-0.233

-0.367

1891

-0.280

-0.208

-0.340

-0.304

-0.233

-0.366

1892

-0.276

-0.204

-0.336

-0.303

-0.233

-0.365

1893

-0.272

-0.201

-0.332

-0.303

-0.233

-0.364

1894

-0.268

-0.197

-0.327

-0.302

-0.233

-0.363

1895

-0.264

-0.194

-0.323

-0.301

-0.233

-0.362

1896

-0.260

-0.191

-0.319

-0.300

-0.233

-0.360

1897

-0.256

-0.187

-0.314

-0.299

-0.232

-0.359

1898

-0.252

-0.184

-0.310

-0.297

-0.232

-0.358

1899

-0.248

-0.180

-0.306

-0.296

-0.231

-0.356

1900

-0.244

-0.177

-0.302

-0.295

-0.230

-0.355

1901

-0.240

-0.173

-0.297

-0.293

-0.230

-0.353

1902

-0.236

-0.170

-0.293

-0.292

-0.229

-0.351

1903

-0.232

-0.167

-0.289

-0.290

-0.228

-0.349

1904

-0.228

-0.163

-0.284

-0.288

-0.227

-0.347

1905

-0.224

-0.160

-0.280

-0.286

-0.226

-0.345

1906

-0.220

-0.156

-0.276

-0.285

-0.224

-0.343

1907

-0.216

-0.153

-0.272

-0.283

-0.223

-0.341

1908

-0.212

-0.149

-0.267

-0.281

-0.222

-0.339

1909

-0.208

-0.146

-0.263

-0.278

-0.220

-0.336

1910

-0.205

-0.143

-0.259

-0.276

-0.219

-0.334

1911

-0.201

-0.139

-0.254

-0.274

-0.217

-0.332

1912

-0.197

-0.136

-0.250

-0.272

-0.215

-0.329

1913

-0.193

-0.132

-0.246

-0.269

-0.214

-0.326

1914

-0.189

-0.129

-0.241

-0.267

-0.212

-0.323

1915

-0.185

-0.125

-0.237

-0.264

-0.210

-0.321

1916

-0.181

-0.122

-0.233

-0.261

-0.208

-0.318

1917

-0.177

-0.118

-0.229

-0.259

-0.205

-0.315

1918

-0.173

-0.115

-0.224

-0.256

-0.203

-0.312

1919

-0.169

-0.112

-0.220

-0.253

-0.201

-0.308

1920

-0.165

-0.108

-0.216

-0.250

-0.199

-0.305

1921

-0.161

-0.105

-0.211

-0.247

-0.196

-0.302

1922

-0.157

-0.101

-0.207

-0.244

-0.193

-0.298

1923

-0.153

-0.098

-0.203

-0.240

-0.191

-0.295

1924

-0.149

-0.094

-0.198

-0.237

-0.188

-0.291

1925

-0.145

-0.091

-0.194

-0.234

-0.185

-0.287

1926

-0.141

-0.088

-0.190

-0.230

-0.182

-0.284

1927

-0.137

-0.084

-0.186

-0.227

-0.179

-0.280

1928

-0.133

-0.081

-0.181

-0.223

-0.176

-0.276

1929

-0.129

-0.077

-0.177

-0.219

-0.173

-0.272

1930

-0.125

-0.074

-0.173

-0.215

-0.170

-0.268

1931

-0.121

-0.070

-0.168

-0.211

-0.166

-0.263

1932

-0.117

-0.067

-0.164

-0.207

-0.163

-0.259

1933

-0.113

-0.064

-0.160

-0.203

-0.159

-0.255

1934

-0.109

-0.060

-0.156

-0.199

-0.156

-0.250

1935

-0.105

-0.057

-0.151

-0.195

-0.152

-0.246

1936

-0.101

-0.053

-0.147

-0.191

-0.148

-0.241

1937

-0.097

-0.050

-0.143

-0.186

-0.145

-0.236

1938

-0.093

-0.046

-0.138

-0.182

-0.141

-0.232

1939

-0.089

-0.043

-0.134

-0.177

-0.137

-0.227

1940

-0.085

-0.040

-0.130

-0.173

-0.132

-0.222

1941

-0.081

-0.036

-0.125

-0.168

-0.128

-0.217

1942

-0.077

-0.033

-0.121

-0.163

-0.124

-0.211

1943

-0.073

-0.029

-0.117

-0.158

-0.120

-0.206

1944

-0.070

-0.026

-0.113

-0.154

-0.115

-0.201

1945

-0.066

-0.022

-0.108

-0.149

-0.111

-0.196

1946

-0.062

-0.019

-0.104

-0.143

-0.106

-0.190

1947

-0.058

-0.016

-0.100

-0.138

-0.101

-0.184

1948

-0.054

-0.012

-0.095

-0.133

-0.096

-0.179

1949

-0.050

-0.009

-0.091

-0.128

-0.092

-0.173

1950

-0.046

-0.005

-0.087

-0.122

-0.087

-0.167

1951

-0.042

-0.002

-0.082

-0.117

-0.081

-0.161

1952

-0.038

0.002

-0.078

-0.111

-0.076

-0.155

1953

-0.034

0.005

-0.074

-0.105

-0.071

-0.149

1954

-0.030

0.009

-0.070

-0.100

-0.066

-0.143

1955

-0.026

0.012

-0.065

-0.094

-0.060

-0.137

1956

-0.022

0.015

-0.061

-0.088

-0.055

-0.131

1957

-0.018

0.019

-0.057

-0.082

-0.049

-0.124

1958

-0.014

0.022

-0.052

-0.076

-0.044

-0.118

1959

-0.010

0.026

-0.048

-0.070

-0.038

-0.111

1960

-0.006

0.029

-0.044

-0.064

-0.032

-0.104

1961

-0.002

0.033

-0.040

-0.057

-0.026

-0.098

1962

0.002

0.036

-0.035

-0.051

-0.020

-0.091

1963

0.006

0.039

-0.031

-0.044

-0.014

-0.084

1964

0.010

0.043

-0.027

-0.038

-0.008

-0.077

1965

0.014

0.046

-0.022

-0.031

-0.002

-0.070

1966

0.018

0.050

-0.018

-0.024

0.005

-0.063

1967

0.022

0.053

-0.014

-0.018

0.011

-0.055

1968

0.026

0.057

-0.009

-0.011

0.018

-0.048

1969

0.030

0.060

-0.005

-0.004

0.024

-0.041

1970

0.034

0.063

-0.001

0.003

0.031

-0.033

1971

0.038

0.067

0.003

0.010

0.038

-0.025

1972

0.042

0.070

0.008

0.017

0.045

-0.018

1973

0.046

0.074

0.012

0.025

0.052

-0.010

1974

0.050

0.077

0.016

0.032

0.059

-0.002

1975

0.054

0.081

0.021

0.040

0.066

0.006

1976

0.058

0.084

0.025

0.047

0.073

0.014

1977

0.062

0.087

0.029

0.055

0.080

0.022

1978

0.066

0.091

0.033

0.062

0.088

0.030

1979

0.069

0.094

0.038

0.070

0.095

0.038

1980

0.073

0.098

0.042

0.078

0.103

0.047

1981

0.077

0.101

0.046

0.086

0.110

0.055

1982

0.081

0.105

0.051

0.094

0.118

0.064

1983

0.085

0.108

0.055

0.102

0.126

0.072

1984

0.089

0.111

0.059

0.110

0.134

0.081

1985

0.093

0.115

0.064

0.118

0.142

0.090

1986

0.097

0.118

0.068

0.127

0.150

0.099

1987

0.101

0.122

0.072

0.135

0.158

0.108

1988

0.105

0.125

0.076

0.144

0.166

0.117

1989

0.109

0.129

0.081

0.152

0.174

0.126

1990

0.113

0.132

0.085

0.161

0.183

0.135

1991

0.117

0.136

0.089

0.169

0.191

0.144

1992

0.121

0.139

0.094

0.178

0.200

0.154

1993

0.125

0.142

0.098

0.187

0.208

0.163

1994

0.129

0.146

0.102

0.196

0.217

0.173

1995

0.133

0.149

0.107

0.205

0.226

0.182

1996

0.137

0.153

0.111

0.214

0.235

0.192

1997

0.141

0.156

0.115

0.224

0.244

0.202

1998

0.145

0.160

0.119

0.233

0.253

0.212

1999

0.149

0.163

0.124

0.242

0.262

0.222

2000

0.153

0.166

0.128

0.252

0.271

0.232

2001

0.157

0.170

0.132

0.261

0.281

0.242

2002

0.161

0.173

0.137

0.271

0.290

0.252

2003

0.165

0.177

0.141

0.281

0.300

0.263

2004

0.169

0.180

0.145

0.290

0.309

0.273

2005

0.173

0.184

0.149

0.300

0.319

0.283

2006

0.177

0.187

0.154

0.310

0.329

0.294

2007

0.181

0.190

0.158

0.320

0.339

0.305

2008

0.185

0.194

0.162

0.330

0.348

0.315

2009

0.189

0.197

0.167

0.340

0.359

0.326

2010

0.193

0.201

0.171

0.351

0.369

0.337

2011

0.197

0.204

0.175

0.361

0.379

0.348

2012

0.201

0.208

0.180

0.371

0.389

0.359

2013

0.205

0.211

0.184

0.382

0.399

0.370

2014

0.208

0.214

0.188

0.392

0.410

0.382

2015

0.212

0.218

0.192

0.403

0.420

0.393

2016

0.216

0.221

0.197

0.414

0.431

0.404

2017

0.220

0.225

0.201

0.425

0.442

0.416

2018

0.224

0.228

0.205

0.436

0.453

0.427

2019

0.228

0.232

0.210

0.447

0.463

0.439

2020

0.232

0.235

0.214

0.458

0.474

0.451

2021

0.236

0.238

0.218

0.469

0.486

0.463

2022

0.240

0.242

0.223

0.480

0.497

0.475

2023

0.244

0.245

0.227

0.491

0.508

0.487

2024

0.248

0.249

0.231

0.503

0.519

0.499

2025

0.252

0.252

0.235

0.514

0.531

0.511

2026

0.256

0.256

0.240

0.526

0.542

0.523

2027

0.260

0.259

0.244

0.537

0.554

0.536

2028

0.264

0.263

0.248

0.549

0.565

0.548

2029

0.268

0.266

0.253

0.561

0.577

0.560

2030

0.272

0.269

0.257

0.573

0.589

0.573

2031

0.276

0.273

0.261

0.585

0.601

0.586

2032

0.280

0.276

0.265

0.597

0.613

0.599

2033

0.284

0.280

0.270

0.609

0.625

0.611

2034

0.288

0.283

0.274

0.621

0.637

0.624

2035

0.292

0.287

0.278

0.633

0.649

0.637

2036

0.296

0.290

0.283

0.646

0.662

0.650

2037

0.300

0.293

0.287

0.658

0.674

0.664

2038

0.304

0.297

0.291

0.671

0.687

0.677

2039

0.308

0.300

0.296

0.683

0.699

0.690

2040

0.312

0.304

0.300

0.696

0.712

0.704

2041

0.316

0.307

0.304

0.709

0.725

0.717

2042

0.320

0.311

0.308

0.721

0.737

0.731

2043

0.324

0.314

0.313

0.734

0.750

0.745

2044

0.328

0.317

0.317

0.747

0.763

0.758

2045

0.332

0.321

0.321

0.760

0.776

0.772

2046

0.336

0.324

0.326

0.774

0.790

0.786

2047

0.340

0.328

0.330

0.787

0.803

0.800

2048

0.343

0.331

0.334

0.800

0.816

0.814

2049

0.347

0.335

0.338

0.814

0.830

0.829

2050

0.351

0.338

0.343

0.827

0.843

0.843

 

SOLAR RADIATION AND CLIMATE
OF THE EARTH

 
© www.solar-climate.com

**
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